Initialization options

Customize by Initializing various options and modules.

Custom toolbar, popover

Summernote allows you to customise the toolbar.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  toolbar: [
    // [groupName, [list of button]]
    ['style', ['bold', 'italic', 'underline', 'clear']],
    ['font', ['strikethrough', 'superscript', 'subscript']],
    ['fontsize', ['fontsize']],
    ['color', ['color']],
    ['para', ['ul', 'ol', 'paragraph']],
    ['height', ['height']]
  ]
});

This is a toolbar with font style only.

You can compose a toolbar with pre-shipped buttons.

  • Insert
    • picture: open image dialog
    • link: open link dialog
    • video: open video dialog
    • table: insert a table
    • hr: insert a horizontal rule
  • Font Style
    • fontname: set font family
    • fontsize: set font size
    • color: set foreground and background color
    • forecolor: set foreground color
    • backcolor: set background color
    • bold: toggle font weight
    • italic: toggle italic
    • underline: toggle underline
    • strikethrough: toggle strikethrough
    • superscript: toggle superscript
    • subscript: toggle subscript
    • clear: clear font style
  • Paragraph style
    • style: format selected block
    • ol: toggle ordered list
    • ul: toggle unordered list
    • paragraph: dropdown for paragraph align
    • height: set line height
  • Misc
    • fullscreen: toggle fullscreen editing mode
    • codeview: toggle wysiwyg and html editing mode
    • undo: undo
    • redo: redo
    • help: open help dialog

Air-mode has its own popover, not toolbar. You can customize it with popover.air option.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  popover: {
    air: [
      ['color', ['color']],
      ['font', ['bold', 'underline', 'clear']]
    ]
  }
});

You can also setup buttons of the other popovers in the same way. The below settings are default options for popovers.

popover: {
  image: [
    ['imagesize', ['imageSize100', 'imageSize50', 'imageSize25']],
    ['float', ['floatLeft', 'floatRight', 'floatNone']],
    ['remove', ['removeMedia']]
  ],
  link: [
    ['link', ['linkDialogShow', 'unlink']]
  ],
  air: [
    ['color', ['color']],
    ['font', ['bold', 'underline', 'clear']],
    ['para', ['ul', 'paragraph']],
    ['table', ['table']],
    ['insert', ['link', 'picture']]
  ]
}

Custom placeholder

You can define a placeholder with the placeholder option.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  placeholder: 'write here...'
});

Custom fontNames

You can define fontNames items with the fontNames option.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  fontNames: ['Arial', 'Arial Black', 'Comic Sans MS', 'Courier New']
});

Summernote tests for fonts in fontNames before adding them to dropdown. This is a problem while using web fonts. It’s not easy picking a nice time to check the availability of web fonts. You can define a list of web fonts to be ignored with the fontNamesIgnoreCheck.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  fontNames: ['Arial', 'Arial Black', 'Comic Sans MS', 'Courier New', 'Merriweather'],
  fontNamesIgnoreCheck: ['Merriweather']
});

Dialogs

Dialogs can be placed in body, not within Summernote. If you’re using Summernote within a modal dialog, please set this option as true.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  dialogsInBody: true
});

By default, dialogs are shown and hidden without a fading effect. But you can turn it on by dialogsFade.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  dialogsFade: true  // Add fade effect on dialogs
});

Disable drag and drop

You can disable drag and drop with the disableDragAndDrop option.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  disableDragAndDrop: true
});

Disable shortcuts

You can disable custom shortcuts with the shortcuts option.

$('#summernote').summernote({
  shortcuts: false
});


Blockquote breaking level

You can set blockquote breaking level with blockquoteBreakingLevel option.

Each configurable breaking level means:

  • 0 - No break, the new paragraph remains inside the quote.
  • 1 - Break the first blockquote in the ancestors list.
  • 2 - Break all blockquotes, so that the new paragraph is not quoted. (default)
$('#summernote').summernote({
  blockquoteBreakingLevel: 2
});

Basic API

You can initialize Summernote with summernote.

$('#summernote').summernote();

Then You can use the editor API through the summernote method. This is an example code for inserting ‘hello world’ text.

$('#summernote').summernote('editor.insertText', 'hello world'));

It calls the editor module’s insertText method with ‘hello world’. The first argument is a string type which represents the module and its method. The rest are method’s arguments.

If you call the API without module name, editor.methodName will be called.

$('#summernote').summernote('insertText', 'hello world');

A module named editor supports several methods for editor’s basic behavior

createRange

Creates a range object for current user selection.

var range = $('#summernote').summernote('createRange');

saveRange, restoreRange

saveRange saves current user selection internally.

$('#summernote').summernote('saveRange');

restoreRange restores currently saved range

$('#summernote').summernote('saveRange');
// move cursor and select another
$('#summernote').summernote('restoreRange');

undo, redo

Undoes and Redoes the last command

$('#summernote').summernote('undo');
$('#summernote').summernote('redo');

focus

Sets focus in current summernote

$('#summernote').summernote('focus');

isEmpty

Returns whether editor content is empty or not.

The editing area needs <p><br></p> for focus, even if the editor content is empty. So Summernote supports this method for helping to check if editor content is empty.

if ($('#summernote').summernote('isEmpty')) {
  alert('editor content is empty');
}

reset

Clear the editor content and remove all stored history.

$('#summernote').summernote('reset');

disable, enable

You can disable editor by API.

$('#summernote').summernote('disable');

If you want to enable editor again, call API with enable.

$('#summernote').summernote('enable');

Font style API

bold, italic, underline, strikethrough

Set font style.

$('#summernote').summernote('bold');
$('#summernote').summernote('italic');
$('#summernote').summernote('underline');
$('#summernote').summernote('strikethrough');

superscript, subscript

Set superscript or subscript.

$('#summernote').summernote('superscript');
$('#summernote').summernote('subscript');

removeFormat

Clean a style.

$('#summernote').summernote('removeFormat');

backColor, foreColor

Set the Background or Foreground color.

// @param {String} color
$('#summernote').summernote('backColor', 'red');

// @param {String} color
$('#summernote').summernote('foreColor', 'blue');

fontName

Set font family.

// @param {String} fontName
$('#summernote').summernote('fontName', 'Arial');

fontSize

Set font size.

// @param {Number} font size - unit is px
$('#summernote').summernote('fontSize', 20);

Paragraph API

justify left, right and more

Set the alignment of a Paragraph.

$('#summernote').summernote('justifyLeft');
$('#summernote').summernote('justifyRight');
$('#summernote').summernote('justifyCenter');
$('#summernote').summernote('justifyFull');

insertParagraph

Insert a paragraph

$('#summernote').summernote('insertParagraph');

insertOrderedList

Toggle ordered list or unordered list

$('#summernote').summernote('insertOrderedList');
$('#summernote').summernote('insertUnorderedList');

indent and outdent

Indent or Outdent on current paragraph.

$('#summernote').summernote('indent');
$('#summernote').summernote('outdent');

formatPara

Change current paragraph as a <p>.

$('#summernote').summernote('formatPara');

formatH1-H6

Change current paragraph as a <h1> ~ <h6>.

$('#summernote').summernote('formatH2');
$('#summernote').summernote('formatH6');

lineHeight

Set line height.

// @param {Number} line height - unit is px
$('#summernote').summernote('lineHeight', 20);

Insertion API

insertImage

Insert an image.

// @param {String} url
// @param {String|Function} filename - optional
$('#summernote').summernote('insertImage', url, filename);

You can modify image with passing callback as second argument.

$('#summernote').summernote('insertImage', url, function ($image) {
  $image.css('width', $image.width() / 3);
  $image.attr('data-filename', 'retriever');
});

insertNode

Insert an element or textnode.

var node = document.createElement('div');
// @param {Node} node
$('#summernote').summernote('insertNode', node);

insertText

Insert text.

// @param {String} text
$('#summernote').summernote('insertText', 'Hello, world');

pasteHTML

Paste HTML string.

// @param {String} HTML string
var HTMLstring = '<div><p>Hello, world</p><p>Summernote can insert HTML string</p></div>';
$('#summernote').summernote('insertText', HTMLstring);

Create link and unlink.

// @param {String} text - link text
// @param {String} url - link url
// @param {Boolean} isNewWindow - whether link's target is new window or not
$('#summernote').summernote('createLink', {
  text: "This is the Summernote's Official Site",
  url: 'http://summernote.org',
  isNewWindow: true
});

$('#summernote').summernote('unlink');


Callbacks

Summernote support initialize callbacks and jquery’s custom event style callbacks.

Position of callbacks in options is changed after v0.7.0

After v0.7.0, every callbacks should be wrapped by callbacks object.

Callback only works with camel case string after v0.6.5

Lowercase string has been used for basic event name(ex: oninit, onenter, onfocus, onblur, onkeyup, onkeydown, onpaste). In contrast, callbacks name for advanced feature has been used with camel case string. This is inconsistent and confusing to use. So we rename all lowercase callback to camel case string.

onInit

// onInit callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onInit: function() {
      console.log('Summernote is launched');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.init
$('#summernote').on('summernote.init', function() {
  console.log('Summernote is launched');
});

onEnter

// onEnter callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onEnter: function() {
      console.log('Enter/Return key pressed');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.enter
$('#summernote').on('summernote.enter', function() {
  console.log('Enter/Return key pressed');
});

onFocus, onBlur, onBlurCodeview

// onFocus callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onFocus: function() {
      console.log('Editable area is focused');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.focus
$('#summernote').on('summernote.focus', function() {
  console.log('Editable area is focused');
});
// onBlur callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onBlur: function() {
      console.log('Editable area loses focus');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.blur
$('#summernote').on('summernote.blur', function() {
  console.log('Editable area loses focus');
});
// onBlurCodeview callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onBlurCodeview: function() {
      console.log('Codeview area loses focus');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.blur.codeview
$('#summernote').on('summernote.blur.codeview', function() {
  console.log('Codeview area loses focus');
});

onKeyup, onKeydown

// onKeyup callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onKeyup: function(e) {
      console.log('Key is released:', e.keyCode);
    }
  }
});

// summernote.keyup
$('#summernote').on('summernote.keyup', function(we, e) {
  console.log('Key is released:', e.keyCode);
});
// onKeydown callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onKeydown: function(e) {
      console.log('Key is downed:', e.keyCode);
    }
  }
});

// summernote.keydown
$('#summernote').on('summernote.keydown', function(we, e) {
  console.log('Key is downed:', e.keyCode);
});

onPaste

// onPaste callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onPaste: function(e) {
      console.log('Called event paste');
    }
  }
});

// summernote.paste
$('#summernote').on('summernote.paste', function(e) {
  console.log('Called event paste');
});

onImageUpload

Override image upload handler(default: base64 dataURL on IMG tag). You can upload image to server or AWS S3: more…

// onImageUpload callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onImageUpload: function(files) {
      // upload image to server and create imgNode...
      $summernote.summernote('insertNode', imgNode);
    }
  }
});

// summernote.image.upload
$('#summernote').on('summernote.image.upload', function(we, files) {
  // upload image to server and create imgNode...
  $summernote.summernote('insertNode', imgNode);
});

onChange

  • IE9-10: DOMCharacterDataModified, DOMSubtreeModified, DOMNodeInserted
  • Chrome, FF: input
// onChange callback
$('#summernote').summernote({
  callbacks: {
    onChange: function(contents, $editable) {
      console.log('onChange:', contents, $editable);
    }
  }
});

// summernote.change
$('#summernote').on('summernote.change', function(we, contents, $editable) {
  console.log('summernote\'s content is changed.');
});

Custom button

Summernote also supports custom buttons. If you want to create your own button, you can simply define and use with options.

Define button

You can create a button object with $.summernote.ui. This buttons objects have the below properties.

  • contents: contents to be displayed on the button
  • tooltip: tooltip text when mouse over
  • click: callback function to be called when mouse is clicked

Below codes is about simple button for inserting text ‘hello’.

var HelloButton = function (context) {
  var ui = $.summernote.ui;

  // create button
  var button = ui.button({
    contents: '<i class="fa fa-child"/> Hello',
    tooltip: 'hello',
    click: function () {
      // invoke insertText method with 'hello' on editor module.
      context.invoke('editor.insertText', 'hello');
    }
  });

  return button.render();   // return button as jquery object
}

You can see render() which returns jquery object as button.

Using button with options

Let’s learn how to use the button on toolbar.

First, you can define buttons with option named buttons which is a set of key-value. You can define custom button on toolbar options.

$('.summernote').summernote({
  toolbar: [
    ['mybutton', ['hello']]
  ],

  buttons: {
    hello: HelloButton
  }
});

You can also use custom button on popover in the same way.



Module system

For supporting expandable features, summernote was assembled by module system. This module system was built inspired by spring framework.

Key terms

  • Module: Module is a component.
  • Context: Context is a kind of container. It has modules and editor’s states.
  • Renderer: Renderer is a function for creating element.
  • UI: UI is a set of renderers to build ui elements.

Module

Module is a component for implementing feature and it has lifecycle. Module also has helper methods or methods related with lifecycle.

initialize

This method will be called when editor is initialized by $(‘..’).summernote();. You can attach events and created elements on editor elements(eg, editable, …).

this.initialize = function () {
  // create button
  var button = ui.button({
    className: 'note-btn-bold',
    contents: '<i class="fa fa-bold">',
    click: function (e) {
      context.invoke('editor.bold'); // invoke bold method of a module named editor
    }
  });

  // generate jQuery element from button instance.
  this.$button = button.render();
  $toolbar.append(this.$button);
}

destroy

This method will be called when editor is destroyed by $(‘..’).summernote(‘destroy’); You should detach events and remove elements on initialize.

this.destroy = function () {
  this.$button.remove();
  this.$button = null;
}

shouldInitialize

This method is used for deciding whether module will be initialized or not.

// AirPopover's shouldInitialize
this.shouldInitialize = function () {
  return options.airMode && !list.isEmpty(options.popover.air);
};

Below are full codes of AutoLink module.

// Module Name is AutoLink
// @param {Object} context - states of editor
var AutoLink = function (context) {

  // you can get current editor's elements from layoutInfo
  var layoutInfo = context.layoutInfo;
  var $editor = layoutInfo.editor;
  var $editable = layoutInfo.editable;
  var $toolbar = layoutInfo.toolbar;

  // ui is a set of renderers to build ui elements.
  var ui = $.summernote.ui;

  // this method will be called when editor is initialized by $('..').summernote();
  // You can attach events and created elements on editor elements(eg, editable, ...).
  this.initialize = function () {
    // create button
    var button = ui.button({
      className: 'note-btn-bold',
      contents: '<i class="fa fa-bold">',
      click: function (e) {
        // invoke bold method of a module named editor
        context.invoke('editor.bold');
      }
    });

    // generate jQuery element from button instance.
    this.$button = button.render();
    $toolbar.append(this.$button);
  }

  // this method will be called when editor is destroyed by $('..').summernote('destroy');
  // You should detach events and remove elements on `initialize`.
  this.destroy = function () {
    this.$button.remove();
    this.$button = null;
  }
};

For more module examples: modules

Module with options

You can define custom module with options.

$(".summernote").summernote({
  modules: {
    myModule: MyModule
  }
});

You can called module’s method with external API.

$(".summernote").summernote("myModule.method", 'hello');

Plugin

Plugin is a kind of external module. You can also define your own module with plugin.

// src/mymodule.js
$.extend($.summernote.plugins, {
  myModule: function (context) {
    // define module
    ...
  }
});

Below link is a example of external module.

Plugin was redesigned by new module system after v0.7.0

Old plugin was hard to control editor states(eg, range, layout so on). After v0.7.0 plugin is redesigned by new module system. It is exactly same with module except surrounding module pattern.

Modules

Notification / Information Area

Summernote allows to add Notifications with Contextual Colouring to indicate the type of Notifcation, or to use the area for Informational Purposes.

The area appears at the bottom of Summernote when used in Normal Mode, and at the top of the editing area when Summernote is used in Air Mode.

To use the Notifcation area is simple and is useable by targetting the area using it’s class name .note-status-output.

Notification elements can use any markup, but we’ve added some styling along the lines of Bootstrap’s Alerts. For e.g. to produce an Error or Danger alert you can use <div class="alert alert-danger">This is an error</div>. You can also use alert-info, alert-warning, alert-success and alert-danger.

You can add the above message using jQuery or other Javascript method by targetting the output element, like (using jQuery):

$('.note-status-output').html(
  '<div class="alert alert-danger">' +
    'This is an error using a Bootstrap alert that has been restyled to fit here.' +
  '</div>'
);

If you want to display just Informational Text, you can also add Text without the Alert if you wish.

$('.note-status-output').html(
  'Text Information'
);

You can also place text to the right side by placing the Text within an element such as div, span or small and including the class .pull-right.

You can also use Contextual Colours for your text using the classes text-muted, text-primary, ‘text-success’, text-info, text-warning and text-danger.